Theory and practice

10 ideas to promote healthy eating in the Early Years

Easy ways to teach important early habits
10 ideas to promote healthy eating in the early years
October 30, 2018
Reading time:
a light bulb with the letter p inside it

a black and white image of two hearts

famly icon - piggy bank

a black and white image of two houses



a black and white image of a bunny and a bottle


a black and white heart icon

With Famly since

In a rush? Here's the quick run-down.

  • Healthy eating in the early years is more than just what's on the plate. It's about consciously educating your children too, giving them the knowledge and independence to make healthy choices that will leave them in good stead for the future.
  • You can't underplay the role early years providers have when it comes to healthy eating. Many children will eat most of their meals with you, which in turn makes up most of their weekly nutritional intake.
  • Breakfast, lunch, snacks, and teas that you provide need to be healthy, balanced and nutritious. Due to little tummies (and little appetite) children should be offered 3 healthy meals a day, with at least 2 snacks in between to make sure they're getting all the nutrition they need.

How do you promote healthy eating habits in the Early Years?

Of course, it's important to start healthy eating habits. But in the early years? Isn't that a little too… early?

Put simply, the answer is no. Around 20% of children in the UK are overweight by the time they are five years old, a number which rises to one in three by the time they leave primary school. So when it comes to the next generation's health, it's clear that the earlier we introduce these healthy habits, the better.

But doing this in early years settings requires a gentle touch. We can't force children to like new foods — and if the concept of healthy eating activities starts to feel like a chore, we're defeating the whole point. You've got to make these healthy choices seem fun, appealing and exciting.

Down below, we'll get into 10 tips to help you teach children about good health through their food choices, and how to introduce these healthy living habits into your early years settings.

girl sitting in orchard eating green apple

1. Change up nursery snack time

With lots of hungry children, it's understandable that you may just want to get snack time over and done with. But really, snack time can be more than just getting the children fed in the easiest way possible. It's the perfect opportunity to get your children to try new things.

Providing the atmosphere is fun and enjoyable, you may find your little ones try something different! For your older children, how about letting them prepare their snack themselves? Adding steps for independence can make snack time more rewarding.

Don't hold back on being creative either. Pinterest has some great ideas such as turning your chopped apple into a car by adding grapes as wheels. Or try some rocket shaped fruit kebabs or star-shaped bread and cheese (using a cookie cutter). To help you on your way, we've got 10 healthy snack ideas for you to try, too.

Another idea? Research shows that children are more likely to eat their veggies if they have silly names. Get your children to try X-ray Vision Carrots, dinosaur broccoli trees, or power peas.

boy's hand reaching for a strawberry

2. To encourage children to eat healthily, be a role model

As you already know, children will watch your every move and look to you for behavioural cues – sometimes when you least expect it. By getting involved with snack time and meals by eating the foods yourself, children may be more willing to join in and follow suit.

Dr Cliodhna Foley-Nolan (from Safe Food) knows this well. “The apple doesn't fall far from the tree,” she says. “If you set a good example in what you eat yourself, chances are your children will do the same.”

In an Early Years setting, that looks like:

  • Avoiding describing certain foods as 'gross' or unappealing
  • Joining children in tasting foods and trying new things
  • Talking about how we can cook tasty, healthy things at home
  • Helping children learn simple, tasty ways to prepare healthy snacks

3. Educate children about where food comes from

It would be easy in this day and age for children to think their food simply comes from the plastic packaging they see it in at the supermarket. But understanding where their food comes from is key to developing healthy, sustainable attitudes towards food.

We've got studies to show that when children understand how we grow different foods, they're more likely to eat their fruits and vegetables. In other words, a carrot doesn't seem so scary if you've grown it yourself.

You might spend some time exploring different food groups with children, and discussing how we source these foods. Or, you could go to the garden to grow your own vegetables with children.

little boy picking grapes in vineyard

4. Give young children freedom of choice of what they eat

Giving children freedom over their lunch is a great way to encourage more intuitive eating.

Every now and again, why not offer a base meal, like pasta, rice, or whole grain wraps and let the children (and the staff) choose what else they want. You could try healthy sauces, chopped tomatoes, cheese, salsa, sweetcorn - the options are endless. This approach can be great for those little tots who change up their preferences faster than you can keep up with.

We want to help children learn about different food groups, and how to put together a balanced meal. But if it starts to feel prescriptive, it can feel like a punishment for children. You want to give them plenty of options and room for preference, within a healthy framework.

You can give choices at snack time too. How about arranging a fruit or veg platter where the children can make their own healthy snack choices?

Free guide

How to navigate the EYFS

Download now
a purple background with the words tips and tricks to navigate the eyfs

5. Try new foods with a tasty, healthy dip

One way to make fruit and vegetables more appealing is to experiment with condiments and dips with your children. How about chopping up some carrots, peppers and cucumber for children to dip in something?

Hummus, guacamole, salsa, or a yoghurt-based dressing are all easy, healthy choices. If you're looking for some more ideas on some different foods to try with your own children, you might check out our list of 10 healthy snack ideas.

6. Don't forget lots of water in a healthy diet

In accordance with what DfE and Public Health England recommend, milk and water should be the only drinks available for your little tots. Children aged 4, let's say, need between 1.1 – 1.3 litres of water per day.

As an occasional treat, you could try using your fruits and vegetables in a different way. Forget those ‘from concentrate', high-sugar drinks and try making smoothies or juices using a blender so that children can understand how whole fruits and veggies can be turned into a tasty drink too.

child drinking glass of water

7. Teach children an appropriate relationship with sweet treats

Young children are particularly vulnerable to tooth decay because their enamel is weaker than that of adult teeth. Tooth decay is caused by having sugary food and drinks too often – so really try to make sure that cakes, biscuits and confectionery don't feature at your setting very often.

However, there's an important difference between the natural sugars we find in whole fruit and milk, and the sugars that are present in sweets, cakes, and biscuits. Natural sugar is far better for little teeth and brings with it important vitamins and minerals. So when it comes to desserts, it's a safe bet to base them on fruit and dairy and try to reduce the amount of added free sugar as much as possible.

But as we promote healthy eating, we've got to make sure not to 'demonise' any food groups. It's okay if sweets are one of our favourite foods — we just need to understand that healthy eating is about balancing those sweets with proper vitamins and minerals, too.

8. Get children involved in preparing the foods they eat

As we've mentioned before, if children are involved in the ‘prepping' of their food, they will be more invested in the process and will be more likely to eat whatever you decide to make.

Providing the right safety precautions are taken, children could help blend some humous or chop vegetables for dipping. In the summer, frozen fruit ice lollies are a great (and easy) way to get children involved with making their own food.

The children can also help to plate up the food, set the tables up, take everything over to the table or serve their own food.

child helping adult cut tomato

9. Stay positive, patient, and persistent

Young children can be new-food-phobic much of the time – so don't expect all your children to come running when they hear they're trying a new food. Fussy eaters need patience and support to come around to new foods, you can't just force it.

It's important to remember that as with any changes, you need to try and be persistent with them. Research shows that it takes a child (or anyone for that matter) up to ten tries of a new food to decide if they like it or not. Be patient and realise it might take a little negotiation and compromise here and there.

10. Don't force foods on anyone

Remember – no one is expecting an overnight transformation. Changes can be made little by little in your setting. By taking little steps at a time, you can focus on getting the message across by talking with your children about the food they put in their bodies, why it matters, and how they can learn to make the healthiest choices. Healthy mindsets and healthy eating shouldn't just be a rule, but a routine.

The big ideas

download pdf
graphical user interface, text, application
Official Danish Government Reopening Advice

Guidance from the Danish Health Ministry, translated in full to English.

Picture of a Guidance document
UK Nursery Covid-19 Response Group Recommendations

The full recommendations from a working group of over 70 nursery chains in the UK.

Please note: here at Famly we love sharing creative activities for you to try with the children at your setting, but you know them best. Take the time to consider adaptions you might need to make so these activities are accessible and developmentally appropriate for the children you work with. Just as you ordinarily would, conduct risk assessments for your children and your setting before undertaking new activities, and ensure you and your staff are following your own health and safety guidelines.

Free trial

Try before you buy

Try every Famly feature, see what you like, and invite your staff. No commitment, no credit cards. Just a 2-week free trial.

Start free trial